base64照片在各种各样访问器的适配性解决

日期:2021-03-17 类型:科技新闻 

关键词:公众号小程序,小程序正规价格表,微信群签到小程序,网络抽签小程序,个人做小程序需要什么

IE访问器现阶段最高的版本号是v11,而微软舍弃了IE,转为新的访问器开发设计,并取名字为Edge。base64照片在IE9及之后的照片均能显示信息沒有难题,而Firefox, Chrome, Safari等非IE访问器都能一切正常显示信息,因此显得IE访问器较为low。那末适配性到底应当如何来解决呢? 分3种状况。

(1)IE9+、Firefox、Chrome、Safari等访问器

base64照片在HTML里的规范写法是:

<img src="data:image/jpeg;base64,/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQEASABIAAD/ha6aYeDr18DWornKrlX+/sP/9k=" />

<div style="width:100px; height:100px; background-image:url('data:image/jpeg;base64, /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQEASABIAAD/ha6aYeDr18DWornKrlX+/sP/9k=')"></div>

javascript给img元素的src特性取值或是给别的元素的backgroundImage特性取值都可以以正确的显示信息照片。

其文件格式为 data:{mimeType};base64,{code}

{mimeType}是指照片的文件格式种类,1般来讲,JPG文档填写image/jpeg, GIF文档填写image/gif, PNG文档填写 image/png。

{code}是指照片2进制变换成base64的标识符串。

(2)IE6、IE7访问器

低版本号的IE访问器不适用img的src特性用data:image/jpeg这样写,可是大家可使用mhtml启用附件資源的方式来解决照片。文件格式以下:

<!--
Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="imagedata"

--imagedata
Content-Type: image/jpeg
Content-Location: showimg
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64

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

--imagedata
Content-Type: image/jpeg
Content-Location: img2
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64

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三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

-->

在其中,bondary="imagedata"中的imagedata是指照片的标志前缀,可随意取名,全部的照片流都以这个两个减号和该前缀开始。Content-Location: showimg中的showimg是指照片的标志名字,可随意取名,IE6和IE7的CSS调方式为 .non_img_tag { *background-image: expression('mhtml:http://test.oa.com/base64.html!showimg');} 在其中*background-image里*表明仅有ie6 ie7ie8才可以浏览的CSS特性,俗称CSS hack。showimg是放在当今网页页面的网站地址加1个感慨号后边。expression是IE访问器初期版本号才适用,能用于js启用,隐患很大,别的访问器不适用。mhtml是微软的1种网页页面文件格式,其拓展名为.mht,它会把网页页面中必须的照片写到单1的文档里。IE右键菜多点击另存为...会有单1文档选项。

留意:由于ie6和ie7不适用data:image/jpeg这样写,因此大家只能应用非img标识的background-image特性来实际操作,而且这类实际操作不适用javascript来更改它的值,只能应用CSS。这段注解能够放在任何地区。可是以便好启用,我把它放在文档头顶部。

(3)IE8访问器

ie8访问器分两种状况。1种是在XP下ie6升級到ie8,另外一种是Win7自带的ie8。二者的差别是XP下的ie8不适用javascript立即将backgroundImage取值为base64值。可是Win7下是能够的。

怎样适配

在编码上大家应用UserAgent里的Trident和Windows NT版本号来确定ie8在何种状况应用:

A.当NT版本号是NT 5.x而且Trident没现出現的情况下,判断为xp下的ie6和ie7,实行第2种状况;

B.当NT版本号是NT 5.x而且Trident 4.0的情况下,判断为xp下的ie8,实行第2种状况;

C.当NT版本号是NT 6.x时,为win7、win8、win10系统软件,实行第1种状况;

D.都并不是时,便是非IE流览器,实行第1种状况

详细的编码以下:

<!--
Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="imagedata"

--imagedata
Content-Type: image/jpeg
Content-Location: showimg
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64

/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQEASABIAAD/2wBDAAYEBAQFBAYFBQYJBgUGCQsIBgYICwwKCgsKCgwQDAwMDAwMEAwODxAPDgwTExQUExMcGxsbHCAgICAgICAgICD/2wBDAQcHBw0MDRgQEBgaFREVGiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICD/wAARCAAQABADAREAAhEBAxEB/8QAFwAAAwEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABAUGB//EACQQAAEFAAIBAwUAAAAAAAAAAAQBAgMFBgcSEwARIRQjJDFR/8QAFAEBAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAP/EABQRAQAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAD/2gAMAwEAAhEDEQA/ANfutxoRtBYDOvKqmAZeCZypjKqjD5pzC68YxiOkgNHa3s4hzU92I1ET5X0EfRck7y75LzFbZFiz4u6KtoKgyn/CU+SkayRxM33rF30vnicyJkZDPKnzIixr0cAnMh+lAN1uTk4/sdfn9e8ezSwqZCWKOrBRhGxuWMQhiTRTV3lROyoqK3snt7p6Bfjr3YablLjaKXjq1yFBkILEWKUppU0KQzV3hha6aYeDr18DWornKrlX+/sP/9k=

--imagedata
Content-Type: image/jpeg
Content-Location: img2
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64

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三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

-->
<html>
<head>
    <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=GB2312" />
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1" /> 
<title>base64照片适配性检测</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="useragent" style="width:200px;"></div>
    <div id="showimg" style="width:100px; height:100px; float:left; *background-image:expression('url(mhtml:' + location.href + '!showimg)');"></div>
    <div id="img2" style="width:100px; height:100px; float:left; *background-image:expression('url(mhtml:' + location.href + '!img2)');"></div>
    <script type="text/javascript">
    function setImage(obj) {
        // for ie6、ie7、ie8
        if (!/Trident/.test(navigator.userAgent) && /MSIE [6⑻]\.0.*Windows NT 5\./.test(navigator.userAgent)) return "";
        //for ie9 or later、FireFox 、chrome 、Opera
        var html = document.firstChild.nodeValue;
        var reg = new RegExp("--imagedata\\s*[\\r\\n]+Content-Type:\\s*(image\\/\\w+)\s*[\\r\\n\\s]+Content-Location:\\s*" + obj + "\\s*Content-Transfer-Encoding:\\s*base64\\s*[\\r\\n\\s]+([a-zA-Z0⑼\\/\\+\\r\\n=]+)", "g");
        var codePart = reg.exec(html);
        document.getElementById(obj).style.backgroundImage = "url(data:" + codePart[1] + ";base64," + codePart[2] + ")";
    }
    setImage("showimg");
    setImage("img2");
    document.getElementById("useragent").innerHTML = navigator.userAgent;
    </script>
</body>
</html>

实行实际效果

 以上便是本文的所有內容,期待对大伙儿的学习培训有一定的协助,也期待大伙儿多多适用脚本制作之家。

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